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 Pemikiran Ushul Fiqih Ibnu Qudamah : Kajian Atas Beberapa Masalah Fiqih Dalam Kitab Al-Kafi Fi Fiqh Al-Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal | Hakim | Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam

Pemikiran Ushul Fiqih Ibnu Qudamah : Kajian Atas Beberapa Masalah Fiqih Dalam Kitab Al-Kafi Fi Fiqh Al-Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal

Ihsan Nul Hakim(1*)
(1) Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.29240/jhi.v1i1.76

Abstract

This study has conducted to analyze the thought of Ibn Qudamah about
“ushul fiqih†through some “fiqhiyah†problems contained in the book
“al-Kafi Fi Fiqh al-Imam Ahmad bin Hanbalâ€. Ibn Qudamah is a famous
theologian in the sect of Ahmad ibn Hanbal. However, there are doubts
whether he developed a framework or his own method or influenced by
the methods of his teacher. The data presented in this study came from
primary source, the book titled “al-Kafi Fi Fiqh al-Imam Ahmad bin Hanbalâ€,
Ihsan Nul Hakim: Pemikiran Ushul Fiqih Ibnu Qudamah | 82
by giving a brief introduction about the discussed themes of jurisprudence
and then introducing the opinions of law of jurists (especially the four
sects of islamic fiqh) on aspects of the differences and the reasons and
basis of their opinion, finally presenting“ushul-fiqih†thought of Ibn
Qudaamah. The issues or themes broadly divided into four areas, they are
religious jurisprudence, wedding jurisprudence, commerce jurisprudence
and felony jurisprudence. This study has concluded that the opinion of
Ibn Qudamah jurisprudence generally in line with his teacher’s
jurisprudence, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, as well as in the field of “ushul-fiqhâ€
jurisprudence, Ibn Qudamah used the basics, such as The Qur'an, Hadith,
judgment of prophet’s friends, “Qiyas†and “maslahah mursalahâ€.

Keywords


The Origin of Jurisprudence, The Book of Kafi, Ibnu Qudamah

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