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 Metode Penetapan Hukum Dalam Berfatwa | Mukhlishin | Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam

Metode Penetapan Hukum Dalam Berfatwa

Ahmad Mukhlishin(1*), Aan Suhendri(2), Muhammad Dimyati(3)
(1) Institut Agama Islam Ma’arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung
(2) Institut Agama Islam Ma’arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung
(3) Institut Agama Islam Ma’arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.29240/jhi.v3i2.444

Abstract

Fatwa is the answer to the problem that arises, usually respond to contemporary things. This can be seen from a series of fatwa issued by the MUI. from the problem golput, cigarettes, pre-wedding photos, motorcycle taxi women and many other things. Fatwa is a very urgent case for humans because not everyone is able to explore the laws of the Shari'a. Or it can be concluded that the fatwa is an explanation of Sharia law on various issues that occur in the midst of society.
Therefore, given the importance of the position of the fatwa, it should be done that the people do not ignore the fatwas issued by the Fatwa scholars born because of the consideration of the benefit of the ummah or mashalihul ummah, and in this paper will be discussed about the methods of law enforcement in berfatwa.
One of the conditions for determining fatwas is that they must fulfill the methodology (manhaj) in teaching, because it establishes fatwas without regard to manhaj including those which are prohibited by religion. Establish a fatwa based solely on the necessity (li al-hajah), or because of the benefit (li al-mashlahah), or because the essence of religious teachings (li maqashid as-syari'ah), with no adhering to nushus syar'iyah, including the excessive group (ifrathi).
Within the scope of the fatwa there are some important things that must be noticed by a mufti (giver of fatwas) and a mustafti (the person who asks fatwas) so that the resulting fatwa can be useful in solving a problematika. For the sake of perfection a fatwa of mustafti must use some method which must be consumed in solving problem which in ijtihadi at that time, like method bayani, ta'lili and termi.

Keywords


Method; Legal Determination; Fatwa

References


Abdul Wahab Khalaf,Ilmu Ushulul Fiqh,(Bandung:Gema Risalah Press,1997)

Mathalib Ulin Nuha fi Syarh Ghayah al-Muntaha (darul fikr)

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Mukhlishin, Ahmad, dan Saipudin Saipudin. “Sistem Jual Beli Pupuk Kandang Prespektif Imam Syafi’i Dan Imam Hanafi (Studi di Kampung Sulusuban Kecamatan Seputih Agung).†JURNAL MAHKAMAH: Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Hukum Islam 2, no. 2 (2017): 327–350.

Nasrun Haroen, USHUL FIQH 1,(Jakarta:Logos Wacana Ilmu,2001)

Rachmat Syafe’I,Ilmu Ushul fiqih untuk UIN,STAIN,PTAIS,(Bandung:CV.Pustaka Setia,2007)

Wahbah Zuhaily, Ushul Fiqh, (Mansyurat Kuliah Da’wah Islamiyah,1990)

Yusuf Qardawi, Fiqh Prioritas (Mansyurat Kuliah Da’wah Islamiyah,1990)


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Copyright (c) 2018 Ahmad Mukhlishin, Aan Suhendri, Muhammad Dimyati

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